Topic 9: Safety and risk management in oil and gas industry. Very interesting article can be found here: http: //www. The- Risk- and- Regulation- of- Deepwater.. Two authors from United States and two from Canada review current legislation in US and Canada and have a debate in the end of the paper.
Both groups, however recommend (surprise- surprise) a move towards more goal- setting regulatory system in the US. There were hundreds of pages of technical requirements that offshore operators were supposed to follow on specific issues, yet with advance of drilling technologies these specific prescriptive regulations became increasingly outdated.
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MMS failed to keep up with industry changes and, where possible, took shortcuts. This rule introduces performance- based standards which move away from emphasizing prescriptive regulations and toward a regulatory environment more similar to the safety case requirement in the United Kingdom. While this prescriptive system has some benefits, particularly as it gives the federal government the authority to specify exact requirements, it has trouble staying current in light of the rapidly changing nature of the offshore industry. Also, a strictly prescriptive approach discourages any innovation. By contrast, a goal- based system encourages operators to find better, more innovative ways to achieve safety standards.
Safety Engineering and Risk Management Debate 2012 Discussion Topic 9: Safety and risk management in oil and gas industry ». Retrouvez toutes les discothèque Marseille et se retrouver dans les plus grandes soirées en discothèque à Marseille. Download the free trial version below to get started. Double-click the downloaded file to install the software. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) is an open access online peer reviewed international journal that publishes research.
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By contrast, in the United Kingdom, for example, where average penalties are also relatively low, the potential penalty for a breach is unlimited. In addition, in both Norway and the United Kingdom, serious non- fatal safety breaches can be criminal charges punishable through imprisonment of key executives. The Board has no part in the establishment or administration of royalties or taxes for any offshore activity and therefore does not promote the Industry. If a single underlying certificate or permit cannot be obtained, the Certificate of Fitness is canceled.
More staff and the fundamental restructuring of multiple departments can easily lead to organizational chaos. Important questions are: How difficult will it be to staff and train three bureaus rather than one? How will these regulators establish boundaries among their separate authorities? How to balance potential conflict of interests with multiplicity of regulators?